The Sheikh and Grand Grand Vizier may appoint Magistrates and deputise them to maintain the laws on their behalf as well as hold court pertaining to civil and criminal law. Additionally, they may be granted powers over Merchant law, or, the Sheikh or Grand Vizier may appoint separate Merchant Magistrates. All Magistrates shall report directly to the Minister of Justice who shall report directly to the Grand Vizier, or in his absence, the Sheikh. However, the Minister of Justice is appointed by the Sheikh alone. Matters of treason are to be tried by the Sheikh, Grand Vizier or the Minister of Justice. Maintaining absolute legal power remains with the Kashani Sheikh, and the Kavar High Pasha. Magistrates and presiding law officials are required to have been sworn to the Kavar or their vassal tribes.
Chapter 2.1 – Due Process
All free persons being arrested, unless caught in the act of a crime, will have a warrant for arrest issued by a Magistrate or by order of Grand Vizier or Sheikh. These people have a right to be taken to the jail and await a trail.
Those seeking relief under the law shall present evidence and allegations of criminal activity to a member of the Four Palms Guard, Magistrate, Grand Vizier or Sheikh and allegations shall be investigated before a warrant for arrest is issued to the Oasis Guard by a Magistrate.
All free men and women charged with a crime are entitled to a hearing before a Magistrate, Grand Vizier or Sheikh (see Article 2.5) and to present evidence of innocence.
All accused are considered innocent until proven guilty, the final determination being made by the Magistrate assigned to the case or the appointed Grand Vizier or ruling Sheikh hearing the case (see rule 2.5).
2.2 Case Law
Every ruling made by a Magistrate, Grand Vizier or the Sheikh will be recorded and archived in the Hall of Records. An appeal may be lodged with a Magistrate, Grand Vizier or Sheikh for a case to be reviewed and then reopened for further investigations and questioning. Each month the Minister of Justice shall present a summary of cases they’ve overseen to the Grand Vizier or Sheikh.
The Law Officials, Grand Vizier and Sheikh are at all times entitled to have an account of why the freedom of any citizen is restrained or imprisoned and evidence or documentation must be presented to the Official within two weeks.
2.4 Repeat of Crime
No citizen may be convicted of the same crime twice, unless the alleged crime is a subsequent offense.
2.5 Convictions of Avoidance
Any person summoned before a Magistrate, Grand Vizier or Sheikh who refuses may be brought bound by the Oasis Guard. Any person who cannot be found by the Oasis Guard may be tried and convicted in absentia.
The Sheikh, Grand Vizier or those empowered by legal commandment of the Sheikh only may decree a pardon on any convicted person of any crime. All pardons will be recorded and archived in the Hall of Records.
Only a Magistrate, Grand Vizier or Sheikh may demand any free person held within detention to be released immediately. They will submit their reason to the Sheikh or Grand Vizier by way of documentation which shall be later reviewed and archived in the Grand Vizier or Sheikh Chambers.
2.8 Reducing of the Sentence
The Sheikh, Grand Vizier or Magistrates may reduce any sentence passed by themselves or a Magistrate in light of new evidence coming to light. Magistrates may reduce and sentence passed by them but not reduce any sentence passed by the Sheikh.
Reduction of sentence does not absolve the convict of their crime.
It is a crime to present false witness and testimony before a Magistrate or the Grand Vizier or Sheikh, slaves may be tortured to ensure that they are not bearing false testimony. Such cases are punishable by execution or banishment.
For those convicted of serious crimes, the Grand Vizier or Sheikh retains the punishment of execution, the manner of which to be determined by the Grand Vizier or Sheikh, declaration of death to be made by an Oasis Physician.
2.11 Death Pardons
Those convicted of crimes where the sentence was death may, upon the will of the Grand Vizier or Sheikh, be pardoned posthumously, that their name and that of their family be free of shame.
2.12 Slaves and Legal Proceedings
In any legal proceedings, the testimony of slaves may be taken by torture, Slave testimony is only a last resort if no free witness to the case can be found. This is solely at the discretion of the magistrate, Grand Vizier or Sheikh.